Blender python cookbook

Consider installing this addon:
http://code-autocomplete-manual.readthedocs.io/en/latest/setup.html#installation

Iterate scene

for obj in bpy.context.scene.objects:
    print(obj.name)

Iterate selection, check type

for obj in bpy.context.selected_objects:
    if obj.type == 'MESH':
        print(obj.name, 'is mesh')

Get object by name
scene.objects.get('Camera')

Deselect:
obj.select = False

Blend location:
bpy.path.abspath("//")

Mesh level:

#.vertices
#.polygons
for obj in bpy.context.selected_objects:
    for vert in obj.data.vertices:
        vert.select = True
        vert_pos_x = vert.co.x

Delete:
This took me longer to figure out than it should've:
bpy.data.objects.remove(object)

Driver with custom properties:

# car has a door_open property (0-1)
bpy.data.objects['car']['doors_open']*90

Animations:

a = object1.animation_data.action

# you can then assign that action
object2.animation_data.action = a
# if that object is not animated, use
object2.animation_data_create()

Hierarchy:

object.parent
object.children

Khronos GLTF export:

bpy.ops.export_scene.gltf(filepath='file.gltf', export_selected=True, export_apply=True)

OBJ export

bpy.ops.export_scene.obj('file.obj', check_existing=False, use_selection=True)

Get material name

for slot in obj.material_slots:
    print slot.name
# it's own vector class is in mathutils.
vec = mathutils.Vector((1.0, 2.0, 3.0))

Enter edit mode

for obj in bpy.context.selected_objects:
    bpy.context.scene.objects.active = obj
    bpy.ops.object.mode_set(mode='EDIT')

Batch export (or everything else, really)

blender <path_to_blend.blend> --background --python <path_to_python_script.py> 

Example script doing a gltf export to the folder where your .blend is (YMMV)

import bpy
import os

dest_file = "out.gltf"
blend_file_dir=bpy.path.abspath("//")
target_path = os.path.join(blend_file_dir, dest_file)
print('Exporting to', target_path)
bpy.ops.export_scene.gltf(filepath=target_path)